Glossary

Creative Process / Monoprints and Monotypes / Printmaking / Painting Terms & Definitions / Painting Techiques

Painting Terms and Definitions

  • Underpainting - the traditional stage in oil painting of using a monochrome or dead color as a base for composition. Also known as laying in.

  • Value - the relative lightness or darkness of a hue. Black is low value. White is a high value.

  • Varnish - generally, a more or less transparent film-forming liquid that dries into solid film.

  • Veduta - Italian for "view". An accurate representation of an urban landscape.

  • Vehicle - the entire liquid contents of a paint.

  • Venice Turpentine - an oleo resin - the semisolid mixture of a resin and an essential oil-derived from the larch and used primarily in making mediums and diluents for oil painting.

  • Verdaccio - old term for green underpainting.

  • Volatile - evaporating rapidly or easily.

  • Volume - the space that an object or figure fills in a drawing or painting.

  • Wash - a thin, usually broadly applied, layer of transparent or heavily diluted piant or ink.

  • Watercolor - a technique of painting using a binder made from a water-soluble gum. Watercolors can be transparent or opaque.

  • Water Tension Breaker - substance added to water or to water-based paints in order to reduce surface tension. eg. Ox Gall.

  • Wax Painting - a painting technique in which the binder is melted was. See Encaustic.

  • Wax Resist - the used of a waxy medium to make a design over which a colored wash is spread.

  • Wet On Wet - the application of fresh paint over an area on which the paint is still wet.

  • Wetting Agent - see Water Tention Breaker.

  • White Spirits - a thinner used with oil paints replacing Turpentine.

  • Xylography - rarely used term for woodblock printing. Also the mechanical reproduction of wood grain for decorative purposes.

  • Yellowing - this effect on oil painting is usually caused by one of three reasons:
      -excessive use of linseed oil medium
      -applying any of the varnishes that are prone to yellow with age
      -an accumulation of dirt embedded into the varnish.

  • Zoomorphic - describes the forms of works of art and ornaments based on animal shapes.

  • A - E F - J K - O P - T U - Z


    HOME | ABOUT US | GLOSSARY | ARTIST INDEX | ARTIST BIOGRAPHY | PRICE LIST | CONTACT | CUSTOM PICTURE FRAMING
    ARCH & CITY | ABSTRACT | STILL LIFE | FIGURATIVE | LANDSCAPE  | MORE